Taratuje, the language of the tuje

Perhaps it's unreasonable to sketch out an entire language to make it easier to come up with consistent-sounding names, but I really hate coming up with names. Also I took Linguistics 101 a long time ago and can half-speak a few other languages so I know what I'm doing, right? At least I have resisted the siren call of the apostrophe.

Some facts about Taratuje, which will allow you to speak it at the level of a confused tourist peering at their guidebook:

Randomly Generating words

The way syllables work means that conveniently, you can roll for syllables on a table. Dispensing with realism in favour of rolling on tables is a fine RPG tradition. I have the number you have rolled, the letter as it is spelled, and the IPA pronunciation, as well as an approximate English equivalent where it isn't obvious.

The initial consonant:

1 t t
2 d d
3 l l
4 r however you like, r's are hard
5 n n
6 m m
7 k k
9 y j
10 h h
8 g g
11 ny ɲ (approximately as spelled)
12 my mj (as spelled)

The vowel, which comes after each consonant:

1 a ä (as in law)
2 e e (as in hay)
3 i i (as in bee)
4 o o (as in oh)
5 u ɯ (as in food)
6 eh ə (as in the first e in pretend)
7 a
8 u

Subsequent consonants:

1 t
2 d
3 l
4 r
6 m
5 n
7 k
8 g
10 h
9 y
11 ny
13 j ʒ, as in measure
12 my
14 sh ʃ, as in ship
16 tch t̠ʃ (as in chat)
15 dj dʒ, as in jam
17 z z
18 s s
19 dz dz (as in ads)
20 ts ts (as in cats)

Some words

Words that might actually be useful in this game:

Tuje The people described here
Leta Land, country
Letatuje The country of Tuje, usually now referring to the central part that was destroyed
Tara Language
Taratuje Language of the Tuje
Yidihunya A dinosaur
Yidi Bird
Hunya Maw - the mouth of an animal

Common or relevant verbs

Ledjo Sleep
Moje Fight
Ritu Travel
Luzi Rest
Dehdu Meet
Yila Declare, proclaim, cast (a spell)
Guri Become, transform
Nehzi To write, also writing
Nyenu To ask
Muse To raid
Loso To seek
Kudjo To hope
Remyeh To advise

Common modifiers

Yeh intensify
De unintensify
Teh A large number of
Mi Personhood - standalone word is Mihe
Di Negate
Hu Good, well, proper
Go bad, evil, improper
Leh Made - can modify nouns
Du For the purpose of - can modify nouns

Verb modifiers, these go at the end

Gu Future
Yu Past
myu Conditional future

Important short words

Deh Appreciate (usually combined with other words)
Lu God, divine
He With
Tu Yes
Ga No
He With
Nya Truth
Lo All
Myeh For, in order to
Ri East
Ni North
Ki West
Mi South

Pronouns. A few things to note:

Unlike, say, French, it's a bit more complicated than formal or informal. Familiar pronouns would be used with friends and family, regardless of age, and other members of one's clan, even if you don't know them well. You might use the non-familiar form if you are mad at someone.

The formal version is used with very important people regardless of familiarity, but isn't used all that much these days, since there is no longer a nobility. The neutral version is a perfectly acceptable thing to say to someone you don't know well or have a primarily business relatinship with.

Ta First person singular (I)
La First person plural inclusive (us, you too)
Le First person plural exclusive (us, not you)
Na Second person singular familar (you, my friend)
Ne Second person singular (you, a stranger or not respected acquaintance)
No Second person singular formal (you, an important person)
Ka Second person plural (all of you)
La Third person singular familar (can include treasured objects)
Le Third person singular (includes most objects unless you really like them)
Lo Third person singular formal (if used for objects, usually only those of religous significance)
Ya Third person plural familar
Ye Third person plural
Yo Third person plural formal

Common phrases

Ta Ne Dehmyu Please
Ta Ne Dehyu Thank you
Na/Ne/No He Lu Goodbye, good luck
Hedehdu Hello

Weapons etc

Yedja Spear, javelin
Yehyedja Lance, usually used from dinosaurback
Deyedja Arrow
Miyedja A soldier
Miyehyedja A knight, a member of the Sentinels
Mideyedja An archer
Tehyedja An army
Doka A sort of large dagger or short sword, usually used as a secondary weapon or tool
Yehdoka A large sword, usually not used by the Tuje
Miyehdoka A foreign soldier, a mercenary, oftne used to refer to adventurers
Myona A small knife or dagger, usually used for eating or as a tool only.
Mimyona A rogue, generally negative connotations.
Mojemyona Betray, backstab.

Creatures

Miyidi A farmer of birds, usually chickens
Hareh An egg
Yidihareh Poultry
Yidimuse Raider birds, utahraptors
Tehyidi A flock
Yidiyehnuche bird of great terror, Hatzegopteryx
Nuzu Rock
Minuzu stonecutter, mason
Lemu Tooth
Yehlemu Tusk
Dehni Arable soil
Mehde Devil, demon
Letamedhe Hell
Myodzo Lizard
Gusa Snake

From locations

Hudza Tower
Nemyu Hill
Tehnemyu Mountain range
Yehnemyu Mountain
Luneh River
Yede Town
Hogo Market
Luze Lake
Nyone Road

Society

Gasu Sibling, (metaphorically) close friend
Lumye Parent
Lidzeh Living grandparent, great grandparent, etc
Hiya Aunt/uncle/other older non direct descendant relative or person who fills similar social role
Luhiya Clan ancestors
Lulidzeh Personal ancestors
Tehhiya Clan
Milu Priest
Tehmilu The priesthood, collectively
Migasu Monk (gender-neutral, part of an order)
Miliru A respected elder
Nehha Absolute ruler (they don't generally have them)
Yehnehha Monarch
Miremyeh Rough mayor equivalent, (historic) courtier

Common activities

Myedeh To spin
Lehmyedeh Thread
Dumyedeh Spindle
Tase To weave on a loom
Dutase loom
Lehtase Cloth (before it is formed into clothing)
Hita Leather
Mola Tunic
Hosha To sew
Lehhosha needle
Maru To weave using tablets
Lehmaru A belt
Kusa Dress, long robe (everyday)
Numa Dress, long robe, overcoat (fancy or ceremonial)
Nomye Cloak, overcoat (everyday)
Tuju Skirt, loincloth
Gadza Sandals
Razu A large hat, intended to protect from the sun
Yazeh A small hat, bandana, etc

Misc

Hazu Magic, unseen powers
Tunyu Death
Yehtunyu The cataclysm
Lutunyu The dead god
Tasa Far away, elsewhere
Letatasa Outside Letatuje
Mitunyu Assassin, murderer
Letatasa Outside Letatuje
Miritu Traveler, wanderer
Midehdu Diplomat
Mimojeh Fighter, with more negative commotations
Go mimojeh Bandit, cutthroat
Go mihe Evildoer, outlaw
Go mihe yila To outlaw
Liru Wise
Myudza Love (non-romantic), to love
Dudze A type of edible berry
Kiso Blood
Netchu Strong (physical)
Myotchu Enduring
Nuche Fear
Nuse Peace, tranquility
Tehmihe A crowd

Deprecated words

Originally this was going to be a D&D-centricl setting, but I think I'm moving away from that. As such, I'm keeping these words around for reference for older publications and as word construction examples, but they are no longer canon.

Hazulu Divine and natural magic
Hazunehi Arcane magic
Medehmi Tiefling
Myodzomi Kobold (common around here)
Yehmyodzomi Dragonborn
Diledjomi Elf (i.e. person who doesn't sleep)
Dediledjomi Gnome
Nuzumi Dwarf
Yehlemumi Orc, half-orc
Dehnimi Human
Dedehnimi Halfling
Yidimi An aarakocra, kenku (bird person)

Written Oct. 27 2020